I'll be addressing MOOCs so here we go:
A Massive Open Online Course (MOOC; //) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user forums that help build a community for students, professors, and teaching assistants (TAs). MOOCs are a recent development in distance education which began to emerge in 2012.
Although early MOOCs often emphasized open access features, such as connectivism
and open licensing of content, structure, and learning goals, to
promote the reuse and remixing of resources, some notable newer MOOCs
use closed licenses for their course materials, while maintaining free
access for students.
While MOOCs offer a way for Universities and individual professors to
disseminate their brand internationally, K-12 teachers and schools do
not generally have such a global focus. For teachers the most important
thing is being able to tailor the best content available to their
students' specific learning needs. For them, the ability to pick and
choose the best content from around the internet represents a remarkable
opportunity to bring the best teaching in the world into their
MOOCs can also help schools lacking resources to cater
to the full spectrum of student abilities by offering advanced courses
for exceptional students, or extra teaching for students who are finding
learning particularly difficult. MOOCs also offer access to the right
support materials for students in remote parts of the globe with
aspirations to attend universities in the U.S. or Europe. In a
'globalized world,' MOOCs offer a chance to create equality of
opportunity when it comes to access to a quality education.
MOOCs also have the potential to open up new horizons for the growing number of students who are homeschooled. In the U.S. alone the figure is around two million,
which is about the same number as attend charter schools. Some of the
best teachers in the world can now be brought right into the living
rooms of these children.